Cerebral palsy

Cerebral palsyCEREBRAL PALSY (CP) is a group of diseases of the newborn; is non-progressive motor impairment. Etiology, pathogenesis. Have the value of prenatal pathology, asphyxia at birth, birth trauma (hematoma parasagittal cracks). The incidence of 1-2 cases per thousand newborns. The symptoms for. The diagnosis of hematoma parasagittal slit should be set by the doctor in the first hours after birth. Symptoms: lethargy, congestion, anisocoria, divergent strabismus, bradycardia. Hematoma is easily removed by aspiration through a large spring. This procedure is carried out either by a neurosurgeon or trained in this method microedition. If the hematoma is not timely removed or causes of disease, and the developing congenital diplegia (stuck disease), characterized by weakness and spasticity of the legs. Spasticity in severe cases can completely obezdwijivanie child. Because of the trend to the crossing of legs occurs gait "type scissors". Hands are affected much less. Frequent cerebellar and subcortical disorders - ataxia, dystonia, choreoathetosis. When the predominant lesion of the cerebellum instead spasticity observed hypotension. When disease little intellect in most cases, normal (with congenital hemiplegia is usually reduced and half of the patients suffering from epileptic seizures). As a rule, children are lagging behind in physical development. Allocate the so-called cerebral dysfunction is a rudimentary version of cerebral palsy, which is light behavioural disorders, barely planned musculoskeletal defects, epileptic episodes, some defects praxis and gnosis. A similar group consists of the so-called clumsy children, training them in the early stages is considerable difficulties. The treatment is based on the multi-year programme of training movements. Contracture corrigida surgically. To combat spasticity shows a systematic method sibazona and baclofen. The forecast. In severe cases, the child rarely live up to 1-2 years, usually dying from pneumonia. On average, 25% of the ball there has been a significant improvement in 50% of the treatment gives a more or less pronounced softening motor defects, 25% is ineffective. Important prognostic factor is the degree of intellectual defect..



Похожие статьи

Ваше имя
Ваша почта
Город, область
Рассылка комментариев





Ввести код: