CysticercosisCYSTICERCOSIS. Etiology, pathogenesis. The disease is caused by the larval stage of the pork tapeworm (cysticerci). Cysticercosis is caused by the hit in the stomach eggs of the pork tapeworm (contaminated food, dirty hands, throwing the Mature segments of the intestine into the stomach, such as with vomiting in individuals infected with sexually Mature form of the pork tapeworm). The main role is played by mechanical impact. Dysfunction depends on the localization of tsistitserka. The symptoms for. Cysticercosis of the Central nervous system affected large hemisphere, the ventricles and the base of the brain. This raises epileptiform seizures, meningeal phenomena, mental disorders and other Cysticercosis of the eye can cause various disturbances of vision leading to blindness. The soft tissue cysticercosis usually occurs without symptoms. For diagnosis, in addition to clinical data, the use of immunological reactions (RSC with antigens of tsistitserki), the study of the cellular composition of the cerebrospinal fluid, apply a cranial x-ray, CT scan, ultrasound. Cysticercosis of the eye is used ophthalmoscopy. Superficial tsistitserki identified during the inspection and biopsy. Treatment. Cysticercosis of the brain and eye surgical treatment, in disseminated cysticercosis is symptomatic. Documented cases of successful treatment with mebendazole. To prevent new lesions cysticercosis spend deworming, as in the intestinal tenise. The prognosis for localization of tsistitserki in the soft tissues favorable, cysticercosis of the brain is very serious. Prevention. Observance of rules of personal hygiene, early detection and treatment of patients with Tenison. Enterobiasis. Etiology, pathogenesis. Pathogen - pinworm parasites in the lower part of the small and large intestines. You can zapytanie in vermiform process, the female genitals. The life expectancy of pinworms up to 75 days. Pinworms have a mechanical, toxic and allergenic effects on the body, contributing to inflammatory processes in the intestine, perianal area, genitals (especially in girls), urinary tract. The symptoms for. The main symptom is itching in the anus at night, lasted for several days and repeated every 3-4 weeks. Frequent nausea, loss of appetite, dry mouth, shadowbane abdominal pain, and sometimes diarrhea with mucus, headache, dizziness, insomnia, memory impairment, confusion, seizures (children). In the blood is detected eosinophilia, which is characterized by undulating course. Sometimes develops neurasthenic syndrome. Pinworms can cause cracks, dermatitis and eczema in the anus, perineum, Popov bodies, vulvovaginitis, pyelocystitis, Masturbation and bedwetting. The diagnosis is established when the discharge pinworms and detection of eggs in the perianal swab. Treatment. Therapy is effective with careful observance of personal prophylaxis and treatment of all family members, and children team - all infested children and staff. To prevent autoinvoice it is recommended to wear tight-fitting pants or leggings with elastic, Ironing their clothes and bed linen in hot iron within 2-3 months. To combat perianal itching and to the mechanical removal of pinworms and mucus should be inserted at night in the anus wool, to make a cleansing enema (adults from 5 cups, children 1-3 glasses of water) to which is added sodium bicarbonate 1/2 teaspoon per Cup) and in the morning wash with warm water and soap area of the anus. When a persistent itch-lubrication itchy places anesthesiology ointment (1 g of benzocaine and 25 g of vaseline) and the appointment of the interior of demerol. The purpose of deworming appointed parvini pamoate, Pyrantel, combantrin, vermox, piperazine. Parvini pamoate (vankin) administered in the dose of 5 mg/kg, and combantrin at the dose of 10 mg/kg once after eating. Vermox (mebendazole) is administered in a dose of 100 mg. Course deworming piperazine consists of 2-3 5-day cycles with an interval of .5 days. Daily dose of 2-3, In cases of persistent currents of enterobiasis is recommended to assign parvini pamoate, Pyrantel and vermox repeated at intervals ned. The forecast is favorable. Prevention see Gimenolepidoz. Echinococcosis. Etiology, pathogenesis. The disease is caused by larval stage of Echinococcus-parasite in the liver, lungs and other organs. Represents a single chamber bladder, surrounded by two-layer capsule and filled with liquid; the size of the bubbles from millet grain to the head of a newborn baby. The bubble grows slowly, its viability is maintained for many years.

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