Diarrhea

DiarrheaDiarrhea is frequent, liquid and abundant chair. It is dangerous sharp dehydration. The cause of diarrhea may be infections of the digestive tract, worms, poor diet, emotional stress, poisoning by drugs, a dysbacteriosis of an intestine. You should pay attention to the frequency of the chair, his smell (sour, putrid), color (gray, white), impurity of blood. Allergy to cow's milk: 1-2% of children found an allergic reaction to cow's milk. It is manifested by vomiting, chronic diarrhea, abdominal colic, rashes, runny nose and slow growth. Help: in the acute period of the disease should be excluded from the diet of cow's milk and other dairy products: cheese, butter, cottage cheese, etc., the Child can be given porridge on the water, mixed with baked apples, bread crumbs, vegetable soup with semolina, potatoes, zucchini in vegetable oil, fruit puree. It should also be excluded from supply other products, often giving an allergic reaction: egg, fish, honey, nuts, citrus fruits, strawberries, smoked meats, as sensitized with antigens milk child may develop cross-reactions to these products. After the improvements can be hyposensitization (i.e. the gradual habituation of the body to the allergen). It begins with the introduction of the product in small doses. For this purpose a glass of water, add one drop of milk. Then a drop of this solution is again diluted in a tablespoon of boiled water to drink and give to the child. Daily spoon of water add one drop of the initial solution. Dysbacteriosis of the intestine: it is a violation of the balance between different types of microorganisms that inhabit the cavity of the intestine. Thus instead of species of microorganisms that are prevalent in normal conditions (related to the main flora, represented mainly by anaerobic bacteria and bacteroids), developing opportunistic pathogenic bacteria (e.g. Escherichia) or pathogenic (Proteus, calling putrefactive processes, or coccoid forms, causing purulent inflammation) microorganisms. Dysbiosis is often observed in children after acute intestinal infections, malnutrition, non-communicable diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, irrational treatment with antibiotics or immunosuppressants. For dysbacteriosis at children of younger ages are more characterized by diarrhea, abdominal swelling due to the accumulation of gases, rumbling gut. In older children, on the contrary, can be persistent constipation, recurrent intestinal colic; complaints to feeling of fullness and distension in the abdomen, belching. Help: the child should consult a doctor. It is desirable to make bakteriologische analysis of intestinal flora. When bowel dysfunction is useful to drink a decoction of chamomile (4 tablespoons of dried chamomile flowers pour 1 one Cup of boiling water, boil for 10 minutes, filtered; take 2-4 tablespoons of broth to 3 times a day before meals) and mint (1 tablespoon dry mint leaves pour 1 Cup boiling water, boil 10 min, filter, take 1/2 Cup of the broth in the morning and at night). When the rumbling and bloating (flatulence) well to give a diluted pomegranate juice, activated charcoal (1 to 2 g of activated charcoal drink 3-4 times a day in the form of water mist). You should limit the power of carbohydrate foods, particularly those containing refined sugar: jam, honey, pastries, cakes, pastries, etc. In severe dysbiosis doctor prescribes bacterial (bificol, colibacterin, Lactobacterin and others) and enzyme (abomin, Pancreatin, festal and other) drugs. Intestinal infection: ingestion of pathogenic E. coli and other bacteria (Salmonella, Shigella, Staphylococcus and others), including Vibrio cholerae, some viruses (rotavirus) or protozoa microorganisms (Giardia), causes acute intestinal disorder is diarrhea. The chair pasty or watery mixed with mucus and sometimes blood. An important sign of infection is fever and a sudden feeling of weakness. One of the most common forms of intestinal infections, dysentery, described in detail in the section, "Infectious diseases" in the same article. Help: when the signs pointing to an intestinal infection, immediately call a doctor on the house. Be sure to save the baby chair in the Bank and show it to your doctor. If it is not possible to quickly consult the child's doctor, you can give him something to drink as you drink the following solution: one glass of boiled water - 1 tablespoon of sugar and three quarters of a teaspoon of salt. While the chair has not fixed, do not feed a child for 1 day, and only poite this solution. Then start to feed him small portions , but more often than usual (5-7 times a day), yogurt, rice porridge on the water, rice broth with the addition of overcooked it grated carrots. Continue to give this solution in between feedings. Poor diet: a frequent cause of diarrhea in children - eating unripe berries and fruits. If your child eats a lot of sweet, diarrhea occurs due to the fact that sugar, once in the intestine, attracts water. The same happens with overeating. Help: the child does not give is for 6-12h, abundantly watered sweet tea every 30 min in small portions to 3 teaspoons. After the disappearance of signs of intestinal disorder feed easily digestible food. You can give a decoction of rose hips (one tablespoon of dried rosehips pour one Cup of boiling water, boil in enamelware 10 min, infuse for one hour, then filtered through cheesecloth and allow to drink). Later switched to yogurt and cereal (rice, semolina, buckwheat), potato and carrot puree, cottage cheese, eggs, boiled minced meat. You should not give peas, beans, cucumbers, beets, radishes, sauerkraut, tangerines and oranges, grapes, pears, plums. To secure the chair, you can use the following tools: to give to drink warm rice broth 1/3 Cup every 2 hours. Congee recipe: mix one teaspoon of rice pour 6 cups of water and boil on low heat, strain through cheesecloth, cooled; drink one tablespoon (school age children) or one teaspoon (preschoolers) 3 times a day before meals decoction of pomegranate peels. Prepare it: one teaspoon of dried peel of a pomegranate fruit pour a glass of boiling water, boil for 10-15 minutes, to insist, wrapped, for 2 hours, filtered through cheesecloth. Reaction to medications: diarrhea may occur after administration of the antibiotic ampicillin, iron preparations, fenotiazina and other drugs. Help: stop taking the medicine and immediately inform your doctor..



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